Maps for Neighborhood Development Analysis

 Categories of Maps for Community Progress

Maps that show how Community Development Corporations (just using CDC as example of neighborhood organization) has met requirements of different grants and funding sources (HUD programs, and others), and neighborhood benefits from these efforts

Maps that show the benefits to neighborhood as a result of work implemented by the CDC

Maps that show areas eligible for funding and demographics relevant to financing eligibility

CDC Progress Maps

Map areas where TIF dollars were spent on infrastructure. Map before and after home values within a set buffer of improved infrastructure features.

Map areas where properties were renovated. Map before and after home values within set radius of fixed properties (and specifically related to different funding sources – below)

Mapping locations of raingardens, green alleys, community and food gardens and green infrastructure (bioswales are a good example, but there are other features)

Homes built for Centennial Homes and the Building a Living Legacy Housing Initiative

Maps for Funding Sources

 Different channels for funding have different requirements for how that money can be spent. Generating maps to translate MFI and other metrics from census tract boundaries to neighborhood boundaries is an uncommon but essential transformation.

HOME Investment Partnership Program

For rental housing and rental assistance, at least 90 percent of benefiting families must have incomes that are no more than 60 percent of the HUD-adjusted median family income for the area.

Map neighborhoods to show boundaries of differing HUD-adjusted MFI

In rental projects with five or more assisted units, at least 20% of the units must be occupied by families with incomes that do not exceed 50% of the HUD-adjusted median.

Map locations of assisted units and boundaries of HUD-adjusted MFI

The incomes of households receiving HUD assistance must not exceed 80 percent of the area median.

Map boundaries of differing area medians with table of 80% MFI for each neighborhood

NSP/CDBG

NSP grantees must use at least 25 percent of the funds appropriated for the purchase and redevelopment of abandoned or foreclosed homes or residential properties that will be used to house individuals or families whose incomes do not exceed 50 percent of the area median income.

Map boundaries of differing area medians with table of 50% MFI for each neighborhood

In addition, all activities funded by NSP must benefit low- and moderate-income persons whose income does not exceed 120 percent of area median income.

Map boundaries of differing area medians with table of 120% MFI for each neighborhood

Purchase and redevelopment of foreclosed homes and residential properties, abandoned or foreclosed

Change maps showing multi-year differences between abandoned and foreclosed with newly renovated homes

Maps of demolished blighted structures/Redeveloped demolished or vacant properties

Change maps showing abandoned and foreclosed homes and rank with a scale for redevelopment potential

Homesteading

Maps of areas eligible for this credit

Maps of eligible housing stock

Weatherization

Housing Stock Inventories

Maps of housing stock based on pre-defined markers of construction categorized by year built

Maps of housing that have had the initial energy efficiency scoresheet completed

Home Improvement Loans and EcoHouse (Indianapolis Neighborhood Housing Partnership)

Map eligible neighborhoods

Compare to Housing Stock Inventory Maps

Building a Living Legacy Housing Initiative and Centennial Homes (Indianapolis 2012)

Map of construction on 32 new and rehabilitated homes

Change Detection Map of home values within a radius of each rehabilitated home 5 years before and after

Metrics Used in Other Communities

2014 – Chicago’s Housing Plan Draft “Bouncing Back

  • Disparities in income
  • Disparities in Unemployment rates
  • Foreclosure Filings
  • Cash Distressed Sales
  • Home Values
  • Change in home values

2014 – San Francisco Affordable Housing Plan (not yet released)

 

2011 – Portland’s Fair Housing Plan

  • Portland Housing Bureau Funded Multi‐Family Housing, Concentrations of Racial
    Minorities, and Reported EPA Sites
  • Bureau of Planning 20‐Minute Neighborhood Analysis
  • Gresham Community Plan Map, 2010
  • Accessible Housing Stock Data
  • Average Percent of Income Committed to Housing & Transportation, 2005
  • Affordable Housing Units in Multnomah County, 2007
  • Occupied Housing Units with 3 or More Bedrooms, Multnomah County
  • Minority Population Concentrations in Multnomah County
    American Community Survey, 2005‐2009
  • Racial Minority Population in 2000-2010 (Change Detection)
  • New Transit‐Oriented Development Program Area Boundaries
  • Portland Public School Grant High School Re‐Design
  • 2011 Catchment Enrollment Area for Grant High School
  • Zoning for the catchment area of Grant High School in Portland
  • Portland High School Attendance Areas by Graduation Rates
  • Multnomah County Median Income by Census Tract, 2005‐2009
  • Home Forward (Housing Authority of Portland) Section 8 Concentrations – Zip Code
  • Home Forward (Housing Authority of Portland) Section 8 Concentrations – Census Tract
  • Home Forward (Housing Authority of Portland) Section 8 Elderly/Disabled Households
  • Portland Plan 20 Minute Neighborhoods

 

Maps Created by Inventive Map Makers

Center for Neighborhood Technologies

Center for Neighborhood Progress

Derek Eder

Stamen Designs

General Ideas for Metrics and/or Data to Collect

Where are the neighborhood amenities?

What areas are in need of commercial development?

What areas are prime for infrastructure upgrades?

Greenway linkages, and the vacant lot problem – how to turn the tax and maintenance burden of vacant lots into opportunities and amenities?

Bike Lanes, Sharrows, Bike Trails, etc. – with route optimization and safety ratings.

Urban Farming initiatives and beautification initiatives.

 

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